Pagination

Page numbers guide users through multi-page content. They appear at the bottom of the page.

Overview

Use page numbers when the content to be displayed is too long or cluttered or is spread across several pages. This lets users move easily to the first, last, previous or next page. The page the user is on is listed, as are the two pages before and after. In an advanced scenario, you can allow users to choose the number of results to show per page.

We use a large block of connected links for our pagination, making links hard to miss and easily scalable—all while providing large hit areas. Pagination is built with list HTML elements so screen readers can announce the number of available links. Use a wrapping <nav> element to identify it as a navigation section to screen readers and other assistive technologies.

In addition, as pages likely have more than one such navigation section, it’s advisable to provide a descriptive aria-label for the <nav> to reflect its purpose. For example, if the pagination component is used to navigate between a set of search results, an appropriate label could be aria-label="Search results pages".

<nav aria-label="Page navigation example">
  <ul class="pagination">
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <i class="icons-arrow-double icons-rotate-180 icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline ml-2">Début</span>
      </a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <i class="icons-arrow-prev icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline ml-2">Précédent</span>
      </a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">1</a></li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">2</a></li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">3</a></li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline mr-2">Suivant</span>
        <i class="icons-arrow-next icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
      </a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline mr-2">Fin</span>
        <i class="icons-arrow-double icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
      </a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</nav>

Disabled and active states

Pagination links are customizable for different circumstances. Use .disabled for links that appear un-clickable and .active to indicate the current page.

While the .disabled class uses pointer-events: none to try to disable the link functionality of <a>s, that CSS property is not yet standardized and doesn’t account for keyboard navigation. As such, you should always add tabindex="-1" on disabled links and use custom JavaScript to fully disable their functionality.

<nav aria-label="...">
  <ul class="pagination">
    <li class="page-item page-skip disabled">
      <a class="page-link" href="#" tabindex="-1">
        <i class="icons-arrow-prev icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline ml-2">Précédent</span>
      </a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item active">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">1 <span class="sr-only">(current)</span></a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">2</a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">3</a></li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline mr-2">Suivant</span>
        <i class="icons-arrow-next icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
      </a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</nav>

You can optionally swap out active or disabled anchors for <span>, or omit the anchor in the case of the prev/next arrows, to remove click functionality and prevent keyboard focus while retaining intended styles.

<nav aria-label="...">
  <ul class="pagination">
    <li class="page-item page-skip disabled">
      <span class="page-link">Previous</span>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">1</a></li>
    <li class="page-item active">
      <span class="page-link">
        2
        <span class="sr-only">(current)</span>
      </span>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">3</a></li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">Next</a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</nav>

Sizing

Fancy larger or smaller pagination? Add .pagination-lg or .pagination-sm for additional sizes.

<nav aria-label="...">
  <ul class="pagination pagination-lg">
    <li class="page-item disabled">
      <a class="page-link" href="#" tabindex="-1">1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">2</a></li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">3</a></li>
  </ul>
</nav>
<nav aria-label="...">
  <ul class="pagination pagination-sm">
    <li class="page-item disabled">
      <a class="page-link" href="#" tabindex="-1">1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">2</a></li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">3</a></li>
  </ul>
</nav>

Alignment

Change the alignment of pagination components with flexbox utilities.

<nav aria-label="Page navigation example">
  <ul class="pagination justify-content-center">
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <i class="icons-arrow-double icons-rotate-180 icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline ml-2">Début</span>
      </a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <i class="icons-arrow-prev icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline ml-2">Précédent</span>
      </a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">1</a></li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">2</a></li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">3</a></li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline mr-2">Suivant</span>
        <i class="icons-arrow-next icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
      </a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline mr-2">Fin</span>
        <i class="icons-arrow-double icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
      </a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</nav>
<nav aria-label="Page navigation example">
  <ul class="pagination justify-content-end">
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <i class="icons-arrow-double icons-rotate-180 icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline ml-2">Début</span>
      </a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <i class="icons-arrow-prev icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline ml-2">Précédent</span>
      </a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">1</a></li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">2</a></li>
    <li class="page-item"><a class="page-link" href="#">3</a></li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline mr-2">Suivant</span>
        <i class="icons-arrow-next icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
      </a>
    </li>
    <li class="page-item page-skip">
      <a class="page-link" href="#">
        <span class="d-none d-sm-inline mr-2">Fin</span>
        <i class="icons-arrow-double icons-size-x5" aria-hidden="true"></i>
      </a>
    </li>
  </ul>
</nav>
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